[…] Neither Hitler nor the Nazis, however, invented the Yellow Star as the badge of humiliation. The concept of inequitable attire for Jews dated back to the ninth century A.D. when in the Middle East Jews were forced to wear a yellow belt and tall cone-like hat. In 1215 Pope Innocent III declared that non-emancipated “Jews and Saracens of both sexes in every Christian province and at all times shall be marked off in the eyes of the public from other peoples through the character of their dress.” Other distinguishing labels or badges were instituted in Henry III’s England and Louis IX’s France. And in Austria Jews had to wear a horned hat that started out as a normal garment until declared exclusive to Jews. […]

http://www.designobserver.com/archives/023941.html
http://www.designobserver.com/archives/023941.html
http://www.designobserver.com/archives/023941.html